Comparison of antigens for serological diagnosis of footrot

We compared a range of antigens for use in ELISA for the purpose of serological diagnosis of footrot

Whittington, R. J., Saunders, V. F. and Moses, E. K. (1997) Antigens for serological diagnosis of ovine footrot. Veterinary Microbiology, 54, 255-274. 10.1016/s0378-1135(96)01284-9

Summary: An antigen extracted from Dichelobacter nodosus with potassium thiocyanate (KSCN) is currently used in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for serological diagnosis of ovine footrot, but the test lacks specificity in mature sheep. Other antigens were therefore evaluated for use in this test. Structural components of the cell envelope of D. nodosus including outer membrane, cytoplasmic membrane, lipopolysaccharide and pilus and extracellular proteases were purified from cultured D. nodosus while recombinant membrane proteins, protease and pilus antigens were also evaluated. Many antigenic components of D. nodosus participated in reactions in ELISA that were not specific for infection with D. nodosus and apart from pilus, none of the antigens resulted in improved specificity of the ELISA, Using a positive-negative cut-off to yield sensitivity of 70%, ELISA using pill from cultured D. nodosus serogroup A had a specificity of 98.3% compared with 89.7% for the ELISA with KSCN-extract as antigen (P < 0.001), Recombinant pill morphogenetically expressed in Pseudomonas aeruginosa were unsuitable for use in ELISA due to copurification of Pseudomonas antigens to which apparently healthy sheep directed antibodies. The application of ELISA with D. nodosus pilus as antigen in footrot control programs is discussed.

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