Pen trials were undertaken to assess the infectivity of ovine and caprine strains of Dichelobacter nodosus for both sheep and goats. Ovine and caprine strains were capable of infecting both sheep and goats, though sheep were more susceptible to infection with both ovine and caprine isolates than goats. The severity of lesions observed were also greater in sheep than in goats.
Ghimire, S. C., Egerton, J. R., Dhungyel, O. P. 1999, ‘Transmission of virulent footrot between sheep and goats’, Australian Veterinary Journal 77(7), pp. 450-453
Objective: To determine the infectivity of ovine and caprine strains of Dichelobacter nodosus for both sheep and goats.
Design: Pen experiments in which 20 sheep and 19 goats were challenged directly with the two strains, and transmission experiments on pasture, using donors infected by experimental challenge.
Results: Sheep and goat strains of D. nodosus infected both animal species in experimental challenges. Animals so infected transmitted footrot to both sheep and goats on pasture plots. A significantly smaller proportion of goats than sheep was infected when challenged with either strain . The interval between exposure and development of footrot in goats was longer than in sheep when recipient animals were exposed to infected donors on pasture. The disease was less invasive in goats than in sheep.
Conclusions: With the strains of D. nodosus used there was no evidence of host specificity. Direct transmission of footrot can occur between sheep and goats in the same environment . There is a need to include goats in ovine footrot eradication programs and vice versa.
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